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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: Precision medicine model of diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Adapted from Krzyszczyk et al.[8] Traditional versus precision medicine model for cancer treatment. Traditionally, cancer has been treated using chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation, and surgical excision of tumors. These treatments vary widely in efficacy across individuals and also often cause harm to healthy, noncancerous organs and tissues. The precision medicine approach is characterized by individualized treatments tailored to specific tissues, gene mutations, and personal factors relevant to each unique case of cancer

Figure 3: Precision medicine model of diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Adapted from Krzyszczyk <i>et al</i>.<sup>[8]</sup> Traditional versus precision medicine model for cancer treatment. Traditionally, cancer has been treated using chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation, and surgical excision of tumors. These treatments vary widely in efficacy across individuals and also often cause harm to healthy, noncancerous organs and tissues. The precision medicine approach is characterized by individualized treatments tailored to specific tissues, gene mutations, and personal factors relevant to each unique case of cancer