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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 103-107

Clinical outcomes and recurrences after homologous autoimplantation therapy for warts: A prospective study

1 Department of Dermatology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Military Hospital, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
3 Commandant, Base Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Dermatology, Command Hospital, Southern Command, Pune, Maharashtra, India
5 Classified Specialist (Dermatology), Indian Field Hospital Level -III, UN MSN, Congo

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Aradhana Sood
Assoc Prof, Dept of Dermatology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_49_17

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Background: Warts are mucocutaneous infections caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Of the various modalities of treatment currently available, no single modality is uniformly efficacious and recurrences are common. Homologous autoimplantation is a minimally invasive procedure, which treats warts by stimulating a specific immune response against HPV. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and recurrences after a single sitting of homologous autoimplantation therapy for multiple nonvenereal warts. Materials and Methods: Single homologous autoimplantation of wart tissue was done in 75 patients of multiple facial, palmoplantar, or common warts, reporting to a tertiary care dermatology center. They were assessed at 3 months for the outcome of the procedure, and those with complete clearance were followed up for 1 year for any recurrences. Results: Complete clearance was observed in 30 (40%) of the cases and 10 (13.3%) cases showed moderate clearance. In 13 (17.3%) cases, there was mild clearance, whereas 22 (29.3%) patients did not show any response to treatment. Patients with facial warts showed good therapeutic response with complete clearance seen in 62.5%, compared to plantar warts, where complete clearance was achieved only in 16%. At the end of the study period, recurrence was seen in only 1 (3.33%) patient in the complete clearance group. Conclusion: Autoimplantation therapy as a one time minimally invasive procedure has moderate efficacy in treating multiple warts with the best outcome being for facial warts. The virus-specific immunity generated in the process reduces the chances of recurrences.

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