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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 123-127

Triple approach for diagnosing breast lesions-experience at a Tertiary Care Hospital

1 Department of Pathology, INHS Asvini, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia and Community Medicine, INHS Asvini, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 INHS Patanjali, Karwar, Karnataka, India
4 PMO, INS Kadamba, Karwar, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ritu Mehta
Pathology and Oncopathology, Assistant Professor Department of Pathology INHS Asvini Mumbai - 400 005
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_8_16

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Background: Breast lesions are always a diagnostic challenge and range from benign to malignant. Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) is done in patients with breast lesions. However, to get an accurate and diagnostic yield is difficult at times. Aims: The aim of this study is to highlight the role of triple approach in diagnosing breast lesions. Design and Setting: This is an observational prospective study carried out in the Department of Pathology at a tertiary care hospital over 2 years. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty cases of breast lump were studied. Clinical findings, imaging findings, and cytology along with histopathological findings were correlated. Results: Cytological findings were benign in 102 out of 107 patients, who were otherwise clinically and radiologically benign. In rest five patients, Breast Imaging Reporting and Data Systems (BIRADS) BIRADS II category was given on mammography. In four of these five patients, there was cytological atypia. Biopsy in these four patients showed features of fibroadenoma with mild cytological atypia and one patient showed infiltrating duct carcinoma. Mammography was suggestive of malignant breast lump in 43 patients. In three patients, breast lump was diagnosed as benign on cytological examination. However, histopathological examination confirmed the mammography findings of malignancy. Conclusion: FNAC is a well-established procedure for diagnosing breast lesion but has got many pitfalls. Hence for diagnosis a breast lesion, the triple approach consisting of histopathological examination in addition to mammography and FNAC, should be considered.

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