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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 72-77

Knowledge, attitude, practices and behaviour study regarding COVID-19 amongst health care workers of armed forces in North-Western part of India


1 Col Health, HQ SWC Medical Branch, Jaipur, India
2 Officer Commanding, 48 FHO, Bathinda, India
3 Brig MNS, HQ SWC Medical Branch, Jaipur, India
4 HQ SWC Medical Branch, Jaipur, India
5 MG Med, HQ SWC Medical Branch, Jaipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Lt Col Kuntal Bandyopdhyay
Officer Commanding, 48 Field Health Organization, Bathinda - 151 004, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_95_20

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Background: A concerted effort has been made by the Government of India and the Armed Forces to train all health-care workers (HCWs) in various aspects of the prevention and management of COVID-19. This study was conducted to evaluate the efforts by assessing their knowledge, attitudes, practice, and behavior regarding COVID-19. Materials and Methods: A quick online survey, using a web portal and social media platform with a pretested questionnaire, was conducted. Responses were collected for 3 days and analyzed. Results: A total of 988 HCWs participated, including 61 (6.17%) specialist officers, 98 (9.91%) medical officers, 17 (1.72%) dental officers, 135 (13.66%) nursing officers, 518 (52.4%) paramedical staff, and 159 (16.09%) supporting staff. There was a high prevalence (>90%) of knowledge related to symptoms and transmission of the disease with no statistically significant difference in knowledge based on the category of HCW except for bleaching powder requirement (0.001) and chemoprophylaxis (0.001). The majority of the participants (>95%) agreed that lockdown, infection control programs, and repeated training of HCWs are good measures to control COVID-19 spread. Observing full precaution while handling personal protective equipment was the only practice which demonstrated a significant association with increasing qualification of the participant (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Levels of knowledge, positive attitude, and good practices are high among HCWs in the Armed Forces, however, feeling of anxiousness and worry prevail being frontline workers with maximum proximity toward patients. Aggressive, continuous, relevant target population-oriented information, education, and communication is the need of the hour, with structured and programmed interventions for positive mental health during course of the pandemic.


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