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Leprosy presenting with papulosquamous skin lesions in a case of human immunodeficiency virus infection

 Department of Dermatology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Preema Sinha,
Department of Dermatology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune - 411 040, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_81_19

Leprosy has a wide range of clinical manifestations, which sometimes imposes a clinical challenge and may lead to misdiagnosis. Interactions between leprosy and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have been little studied and poorly understood to date. However, coinfection still poses dilemmas in leprosy as to the occurrence of the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome manifesting as clinical leprosy and reversal reactions, higher chances of relapse after the successful completion of the multidrug therapy (MDT) and drug interactions between MDT and antiretroviral therapy. Furthermore, coinfection can lead to atypical clinical manifestations of leprosy. Herein, we describe a rare presentation of leprosy in a patient of HIV infection who reported with papulosquamous lesions over both upper and lower limbs histopathologically consistent with Hansen's disease.

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